... Diabetes treatment … Usually, instinct takes over when a leg cramp strikes and you massage and stretch the sore muscle. You may also find relief by: 1. People who are taking certain medications, such as certain diuretics, might be more likely to have night leg cramps, although it's not known if there's a direct connection. Stretch during the day and before bed. Talk to your doctor if you have an abnormal blood pressure reading while taking an anti-hypertensive medication. Most cramps go away without you doing anything, but stretching and massaging the muscle can help to ease the pain. As much as they may hurt, leg cramps are harmless. People who suffer from nighttime leg cramps should also avoid wearing high heels, as these shoes have been linked to leg cramps. Ask your doctor if you may be able to control your cholesterol levels with diet. If you don't want to take a magnesium supplement, try adding magnesium or Epsom salts to your bath water. Make sure you pull your leg at the back of your thigh instead of at the knee to make sure you’re adequately stretching your hamstring. This, in turn, lessens the discomforts of leg cramps. Night leg cramps usually involve your calf muscles, although muscles in your feet or thighs might cramp as well. Other medicines have been suggested as possible treatments for leg cramps. Leg cramps at night causes and treatments Who does leg cramps at night effect? Let us look in detail at what causes thigh cramps. In general, these are not currently recommended, as most studies involving them found that they do not work very … Focus on your. An example is pointing the toe down while lying in bed, which shortens the calf muscle of the leg, a common site of muscle cramps. Stop stretching if you start to feel pain in your calf. If you’re having a leg cramp, try the following to ease it: Walk around. These include magnesium, diltiazem, vitamin B complex, vitamin E, naftidrofuryl, orphenadrine and verapamil. You might also be able to use heat to relax away your cramps by taking a nice warm bath. More often than not, they can find other medicines to treat high cholesterol. You can also avoid distorting your toes by hanging your feet over the end of the bed when you sleep so that your toes are pointing down. You should repeat this stretch until the cramp in your calf dissipates. Both tend to happen at night, but restless legs syndrome causes discomfort and an urge to move instead of painful muscle cramps. They may affect both children and adults. That confuses your calf muscles and causes them to contract. Tell your doctor if your leg cramps started just as you began taking a new medication. Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. If you take one of these drugs and experience leg cramps at night, talk to your doctor about taking a diuretic. Ingredients: 1 cup of milk (200 ml) A tablespoon of honey (25 g) 1 teaspoon of lemon juice (5 ml) Preparation: Heat the milk and add the tablespoon of honey and … Some simple things you might keep you from getting cramps: NYU Langone Medical Center: "Nocturnal Leg Cramps. ", Lancaster General Health: "Leg Cramps, Nocturnal. Be sure not to begin to take any supplement without your doctor’s approval, especially if you are pregnant. Good sources of these minerals may include milk, bananas, oranges, apricots, grapes, cabbage, broccoli, sweet potatoes, yogurt, and saltwater fish. The actual cause of night cramps is unknown. Your treatment plan may include using medications such as … Tonic water with quinine is shown to be one of the most effective home remedies for leg cramps at night that you should remember. It helps relax your muscles while helping you get a deep night’s sleep. бавиться от судорог в ногах по ночам, التخلص من تشنجات الرجليْن الليلية, แก้ตะคริวขาตอนนอน, Chân không bị chuột rút vào ban đêm, रात में होने वाली पैरों की ऐंठन को दूर करें (Leg Cramps at Night), Gece Oluşan Bacak Krampları Nasıl Geçer, 밤에 다리에 난 쥐를 푸는 방법, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Press down firmly. They may recommend changing the dose or taking you off of the medication. Your doctor might give you medications such as diltiazem (Cardizem), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or verapamil (Calan, Verelan). Though leg cramps at night can be intensely painful, they aren’t typically serious. Pain from swelling caused by excess fluid (edema) may feel like leg cramps. The main cause of leg cramps is the deterioration of the blood supply, neurological problems, or muscle cells electrolyte imbalance. Get out of bed and stand with your foot flat on the floor. Treatment of Leg & Foot Cramps. Nocturnal leg cramps are common, with prevalence increasing in older people. Cooling the skin with cold, moist cloth 2. If your doctor feels you should be on calcium channel blockers, they will give you a prescription along with specific dosage information. Leg cramps that occur during pregnancy should pass after the baby is born. Leg cramps are different from restless legs syndrome. The cramping is preventing you from sleeping, which in turn affects your day to day life. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Nocturnal Leg Cramps Causes and Risk Factors, Exercise-Related Lactic Acidosis: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, and More, 6 Ways to Cause Knee Damage and Ruin Your Knees, Neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, Too much or not enough of certain chemicals in your body, such as. The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. Nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps, which affect more than half of adults, can also be triggered by tiredness. It is best to follow a balanced diet to get adequate amounts rather than to change your diet drastically. If your calf muscle cramps in the middle of the night, stand up and slowly put weight on the affected leg to push the heel … Experts don’t know the exact cause of nighttime leg cramps. You may need to get shoes specially fitted and made by a podiatrist. Drinking more fluids A doctor may also prescribe muscle-relaxing drugs if cramping is severe. Sometimes, such cramps are initiated by making a movement that shortens the muscle. Treating cramps that occur as a result of serious liver disease can be more difficult. But they don’t always work, and they can have harmful side effects. Wrap a bag of ice in a towel and apply it to the area. What kinds of stretches help get rid of leg … Leg cramps are characterized by sudden muscle tightness, most commonly in the foot, thigh, or calf, that may last from seconds to minutes. The pain caused by leg cramps can vary in intensity and last from just a few seconds to 15 minutes or more. Noc… Night leg cramps, also called nocturnal leg cramps, are painful, involuntary contractions or spasms of muscles in your legs, usually occurring when you're in bed. It is important to discuss leg cramps with your doctor as they could be a sign of other health problems. The next time a leg cramp strikes, try some of these tips: Your doctor might give you medications such as diltiazem (Cardizem), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or verapamil (Calan, Verelan). If you’re experiencing muscle spasms and other impacts on your physical movement, such as twitching or difficulty walking, from antipsychotics, tell your doctor immediately. Forceful stretching of the affected muscles usually relieves these leg cramps. Harvard Health Publishing: “Is there hope for leg cramp sufferers?”. Pain killers. night or when at rest. ", UC San Diego Health System: "Medicines Used to Treat COPD. But for nocturnal leg cramps, magnesium therapy alone has proven to be ineffective (reference: Family Practice, February 2014). Note that people taking calcium channel blockers should not eat grapefruit, drink grapefruit juice, or consume alcohol while on the medication. Use a heating pad or take a warm bath. They could happen because your nerves send the wrong signals to your muscles. Excessive alcohol consumption robs the body of water, making the possibility for cramping that much worse. You might have blood tests if your doctor suspects a hidden problem. If your leg is swollen and you are also having pain and cramping, then you may have a blood clot, or deep vein thrombosis. You’re more likely to have a leg cramp if you: Other health conditions can also raise your chances of leg cramps, including: Some medications can cause leg cramps. Paracetamol or ibuprofen will not help when cramp is happening as they take too long to work. These include: If you often have severe leg cramps, talk to your doctor to be sure another problem isn’t causing them. This stretch works by compressing the leg and effectively massaging it. Doctors and the FDA no longer recommend it because it can also cause severe bleeding and problems with your heart rhythm. ", Mount Sinai Hospital: "Nocturnal Leg Cramps. Your doctor may determine that you can consume an adequate amount of magnesium simply by changing your diet. Nocturnal leg cramps can happen to anyone at any age, but they happen most often to older adults. Also, make sure that you are only taking 1 medication if it is needed to control your cholesterol. Nighttime leg cramps with diabetes are painful and can interrupt your sleep. Elevate. With proper treatment and management, you can reduce or eliminate the symptoms associated with nighttime leg cramps. ", American Academy of Family Physicians: "Nocturnal Leg Cramps. Wrap a towel around the ball of your foot with your cramped leg and pull both ends towards you. If painful leg cramps wake you up in the middle of the night, you’re not alone—far from it. Kolata, G. “A Long-Running Mystery, the Common Cramp.” The New York Times, Feb. 14, 2008. Nocturnal cramps are very common. Wiggle your leg while you walk around. Another time-tested remedy for leg cramps is blackstrap molasses. However, muscle pain is less common with restless legs syndrome than it is with night leg cramps. Make sure your heating pad has an automatic shutoff. Some possible home remedies to find relief in the moment include: gently stretching out the muscle Some antipsychotics can cause serious side effects. Leg cramps at night are defined as spasmodic, painful, involuntary, contraction of skeletal muscle that occur during the night when a person is sleeping, causing sleep disturbances.Although they may occur simultaneously with other sleep disorders, nocturnal leg cramps do not have a causal link to any known underlying medical … … In the past, the medication quinine had been used as the last resort for treating leg cramps. They’ll ask about your medical history and your symptoms. For example, experts used to use the anti-malaria drug quinine for leg cramps. To avoid discomfort, you need to know why leg cramps occur at night. They can help to ease muscle tenderness afterwards. Sole inserts for shoes are unlikely to help. Being rich in calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, vitamin B6 and selenium, blackstrap molasses helps ease the tight muscles. Nighttime cramps are not serious but can be very painful. If the cramp is severe, your muscle may be sore for days. A leg cramp is a sudden, involuntary, painful muscle contraction, usually in the posterior calf, but sometimes involving the foot or thigh. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. There can be several causes of thigh cramps. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is sometimes confused with night leg cramps, but it's a separate condition. Allen, R. American Family Physician, August 2012. Apply cold. If you choose to use an electric heating pad, be sure not to fall asleep while it’s on to avoid the risk of a fire starting. While magnesium is an important piece of the puzzle, it won't solve … In fact, according to a study by the American Family Physician, about 60% of all adults reported leg cramps at night. If you get leg cramps at night, try getting rid of them with gentle stretching. It also comes with potentially very serious side effects. 7% of children will, as well. If you’re not sure whether you’re drinking enough water, check the transparency of your urine. Pregnant women are more likely to benefit from magnesium supplementation, which is critical to normal bodily function. Clear urine signals adequate hydration, while yellowish urine or urinating infrequently signals less adequate hydration. Nocturnal leg cramps are a tight, knotted feeling in your legs that happens at night. Commonly prescribed fibrates include Bezalip, Lipidil, and Lopid. Apply heat. Using the affected leg may stretch the muscle and make it stop contracting. For some reason, the vast majority of people have these cramps only at night. These will cost more than store-bought shoes, but they may help to stop your leg cramps. Commonly prescribed statins include Lipitor, Lescol, and Crestor. Leg cramps (especially night cramps) seem to affect people more as they get older, usually affecting the calf muscles in the legs. It is no longer recommended as clinical studies did not prove its effectiveness. One drug, Robax, combines methocarbamol (a muscle relaxant) with ibuprofen(nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory d… Drink Tonic Water With Quinine. One stretch you can do is to sit with your cramped leg extended out and the other bent. Leg cramps can strike during the day as well, especially during physical activities. Be aware that the research on the causal connection between mineral deficiencies and leg cramps has been mixed, so increasing your consumption of these minerals may not by itself alleviate your night leg cramps. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The side effects of calcium channel blockers may include drowsiness, increased appetite, weight gain, and breathing difficulty (within the first few doses if you have an allergy to the medication). Make sure to check your leg for swelling before you do this. Maugh II, T. “The FDA warns against using quinine for leg cramps.” Los Angeles Times, July 8, 2010. Avoid drinking too much alcohol. This often solves the problem. If you can’t completely extend your cramped leg as you raise, simply extend it as far as you comfortably can and until you start to feel a stretch. That's because people who suffer from nocturnal leg cramps have other key nutrient deficiencies and neuromuscular dysfunctions. The very small amount of quinine in tonic water is unlikely to cause any side effects. If you get a charley horse in your calf or in the back of your thigh (hamstring), put your weight on the affected leg and bend your knee slightly. ", Cleveland Clinic: "Nocturnal Leg Cramps," “Leg Cramps at Night.”, Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine: "Leg Cramps at Night. In this case, seek medical attention and do not apply a heating pad. If you’re unable to completely perform this stretch, simply lean forward and stretch your hands towards your toes as far as you comfortably can. Antibiotics may not always do the trick, so many people turn to more natural ways of dealing with pain. There are many ways that you can use for leg cram treatment. Leg cramps are common in adults 50 and above, and the frequency of these … Prop up your leg after the cramp starts to feel better. If you have secondary leg cramps, treating the underlying cause may help relieve your symptoms. Be careful not to overstretch and cause greater injury to your leg. All rights reserved. To get relief, Mix 1 to 2 teaspoons of blackstrap molasses into 1 cup … Dehydration, overuse of a particular muscle and lack of proper exercise are some of the reasons of thigh cramps. The combination of milk, honey, and lemon results in a soothing remedy to prevent night leg cramps. Forcefully stretching the contracted … This class of drugs includes Abilify, Thorazine, and Risperdal. Massage … Nighttime leg cramps—also called nocturnal leg cramps—can jolt a person awake in the middle of the night. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction rather than electrolyte or other abnormalities. Most people who experience them don’t need medical treatment. Treatment should be directed at the possible causes of leg cramps at night if it is suspected that the condition is occurring as a symptom of one of the causes or risk factors. You can also perform this stretch before you go to bed as a preventive measure to better ensure you don’t get leg cramps during the night. However, nocturnal leg cramps as a parasomnia disorder is not treatable and the exact cause is unknown therefore the … Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to help with the pain. Pregnant women are also prone to cramps, especially in the second and third trimesters. 33% of people over age 60 will have a leg cramp at night at least once every two months. 12 reasons why you're tired -- and how to fight them. They can last several seconds to several minutes. 40% of pregnant women will experience leg cramps at night. For older or non-nursing adult women, studies show that magnesium supplements are far less conclusive. For example, your brain might mistakenly tell your leg to move while you dream. Leg cramps treatment . They’ll also do a physical exam to look for possible causes. Nearly every adult age 50 and older will have them at least one time. The following treatments for breast cancer can cause leg cramps: hormonal therapy: Evista (chemical name: raloxifene) tamoxifen; Managing leg cramps. Most cases of nocturnal leg cramps are thought to be idiopathic, but cramps may be associated with a … The FDA has advised patients who get diagnosed with leg cramps should take quinine in order to find the significant relief. Cramps can be caused by stress, excessive physical load, and severe … Treating leg cramps at night, in the moment they occur, may help a person get more rest. ", Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide: "Leg Cramps.". Things you can do about leg cramps yourself During a cramp.
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